Awards to the Royal Canadian Navy 

LIST of BRITISH AWARDS to the ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY in WORLD WAR ONE

(Biographies and Citations follow)

 

LG+ / CG___ HONOUR___ NAME________________________________________________________

 

11/05/18 ___Knighthood - Admiral Charles Edmund KINGSMILL, Kt, RN (on loan RCN)

 

24/03/17___ CMG - Captain Edward Harrington MARTIN, CMG, RCN

26/06/15___CMG - Cdr Richard Markham Tyringham STEPHENS, CMG, RN (on loan RCN)

 

23/04/20+__ CBE - Captain Walter HOSE, CBE, RCN

 

23/04/20+__ OBE - LCdr Charles Peter EDWARDS, OBE, RNCVR

23/04/20+__ OBE - Cdr John Kenneth Levenson ROSS, OBE, RNCVR

 

23/03/18___ MBE - Chief Master at Arms John T. GAMMON, MBE, RCN

23/04/20+__ MBE - A/Lt Ernest HAINES, MBE, RVM, RCN (OBE WW2)

23/04/20+__ MBE - Lt Henry Francis McGUIRK, MBE, RNCVR

23/04/20+__ MBE - Lt Robert Vigurs RIDGES, MBE, RNCVR

 

11/08/19___ DSC - Lt John Eric Wodehouse OLAND, DSC, RCN\

 

03/05/19___ AM - Stoker Petty Officer Edward S. BEARD, AM, RNCVR

03/05/19___ AM - Acting Boatswain Albert Charles MATTISON, AM, RCN

 

26/07/19___ MSM - Chief Engine Room Artificer 1st Class James HAY, MSM, RCN

 

? ________Mentioned in Despatches Lieutenant Charles Taschereau BEARD, RCN

 

 

============================================================================================================================================

 

 

 

 

AWARDS to CANADIANS in the NAVY (FLEET) for WW1

 

RCN RNCVR RN RNVR RNR MERCHANT MARINE

 

 

VICTORIA CROSS (VC)

 

LG+ DATE __ NAME ___________________________ RANK _ SERVICE __ DECORATIONS_______

 

28/08/18+ _ _ BOURKE, Rowland Richard Louis _ _ _ Lieutenant _ _ RNVR _ _ _ _ VC DSO

 

============================================================================

 

 

 

 

KNIGHT COMMANDER (Military) - THE MOST HONOURABLE ORDER OF THE BATH (KCB)

 

LG+ DATE ___ NAME_____________________RANK_____ SERVICE _______DECORATIONS___________________

 

01/01/16+ _ de CHAIR, Dudley Rawson ____ Rear Admiral _ _ _RN_ _ _ (1933 KCMG) KCB MVO (CB)

 

========================================================================================

 

 

 

 

KNIGHT BATCHELOR (Kt)

 

LG+ DATE ___ NAME____________________________RANK_____ SERVICE ____ DECORATIONS________

 

11/05/18 _ _ _ KINGSMILL, Charles Edmund ________Admiral ___ RN (attached RCN) ____ Kt

 

===================================================================================

 

 

 

 

 

COMPANION - The ORDER of ST MICHAEL and ST GEORGE (CMG)

 

CG DATE ___ NAME _________________________ RANK __________SERVICE ______DECORATIONS________

 

01/01/17 _ _ _ MARTIN, Edward Harrington _____ Captain _ _ _ _ _ RCN (RN retired) ______CMG

03/06/15 _ _ _ STEPHENS, Richard Markham ____ Commander___ RN (on loan RCN) _____ CMG

 

=======================================================================================

 

 

 

 

 

COMMANDER - ORDER of the BRITISH EMPIRE (Military) (CBE)

 

LG+ DATE ____NAME _________________RANK ____SERVICE ____DECORATIONS________________________

 

23/04/20+ _ _ _ HOSE, Walter ___________ Captain _____ RCN _________ CBE

 

=======================================================================================

 

 

AWARDS to CANADIANS in the NAVY (FLEET) for WW1

 

RCN RNCVR RN RNVR RNR MERCHANT MARINE

 

 

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER (DSO)

 

LG+ DATE___NAME_____________________________RANK ___SERVICE_______DECORATIONS______________

 

17/04/18+ __ BAILLIE-GROHMAN, Harold Tom _ _ _ LCdr _ _ _ _ _ _RN _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSO (OBE)

23/07/18+ __ BOURKE, Rowland Richard L._ _ _ _ _ _ Lieutenant _ _ _ _RNVR _ _ _ _ _ _ (VC) DSO

04/06/17+ __ DENISON, John _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _Captain _ _ _ _ _RNR _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSO

02/11/17+ __ JOHNSON, Bernard Leith _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ LCdr _ _ _ _ _ _ RNR _ _ _ (WW2 CBE) DSO

03/03/15+ __ PETERS, Frederick Thornton _ _ _ _ _ _ _Lieutenant _ _ _ RN _ _ _ _ _(WW2 VC) DSO (DSC*)

=====================================================================================

 

 

OFFICER - ORDER of the BRITISH EMPIRE (Military) (OBE)

 

LG+ DATE_ _ _ NAME _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ RANK _ _ _ _ _SERVICE _ _ _DECORATIONS___________

 

01/01/23+ BAILLIE-GROHMAN, Harold Tom _ _ _ _ LCdr_ _ _ _ _ _ _ RN _ _ _ (WW2 CB) DSO OBE

23/04/20+ EDWARDS, Charles Peter_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _LCdr_ _ _ _ _ _ _ RNCVR _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ OBE

23/04/20+ ROSS, John Kenneth Levenson_ _ _ _ _ _ _ Commander_ _ _ _RNCVR _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ OBE

10/07/19+ THICKE, Claude Stanley_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Lieutenant_ _ _ _ RNVR _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ OBE

=========================================================================================

 

 

 

OFFICER - ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE (Civil) (OBE)

 

CG DATE___NAME______________________RANK______SERVICE_____DECORATIONS_______

 

09/02/18 __ PHILIP, Arthur Edward _ _ _ _ Engineer-Cdr_ _ _ RNR _ _ _ _ _ _ _ OBE

============================================================================

 

 

 

MEMBER - ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE (Military) (MBE)

 

LG+ / CG__NAME ______________________RANK _ _ _ _ SERVICE ___ _____ DECORATIONS________

 

26/07/19 __ GAMMON, John Thomas _ _ _ _ Chief M-a-A _ _ RCN_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ MBE

23/04/20+ _HAINES, Ernest _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ A/Lieutenant _ _ RCN _ _ _ _ (WW2 OBE) MBE RVM

23/04/20+ _McGUIRK, Henry Francis _ _ _ _ _Lieutenant_ _ _ RNCVR __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ MBE

23/04/20+ _RIDGES, Robert Vigurs _ _ _ _ _ _ Lieutenant_ _ _ RNCVR _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _MBE

=================================================================================

 

 

 

BAR to the DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS (DSC*)

 

LG+ DATE_ _ NAME _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _____ _ _ _______ RANK _ _ _ _ _SERVICE __ _ DECORATIONS______

 

02/11/18+ _ BELL-IRVING, Henry Beattie _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _A/Lieutenant _ _ _ _ RNVR _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC*

=====================================================================================

 

 

 

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS (DSC)

 

LG+ DATE _ _ NAME _ _ _ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _______RANK _ _ _ SERVICE __ _ _ _ __ _ DECORATIONS________

20/07/17+ _ _ BELL-IRVING, Henry Beattie _ _ _ _ A/Lieutenant _ _ RNVR _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC (*)

16/08/15+ _ _ GOOLDIN, Massy _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _LCdr _ _ _ _ _ _RN _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

22/06/17+ _ _ KING, Clarence Aubrey _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Lieutenant _ _ _ RNVR _ _ _ _ (WW2 DSO) DSC

11/04/19+ _ _ MacCALLUM, Frank _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Lieutenant _ _ _ RNVR _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

11/08/19+ _ _ OLAND, John Eric Wodehouse _ _ _ _ Lieutenant _ _ _ RCN __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

08/03/18+ _ _ PETERS, Frederick Thornton _ _ _ _ _ Lieutenant _ _ _ RN __ _ _ _ (WW2 VC) DSO DSC

22/02/18+ _ _ TAGGART, David Mason _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Captain _ _ _ _ Merchant Marine _ _ _ _ _ _ __DSC

====================================================================================

 

 

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL (DSM)

 

LG+ DATE _ _ NAME _ _ _ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _______RANK _ _ _ SERVICE __ _ _ _ __ _ DECORATIONS_____

02/11/17+ _ _ WOODISON, Stanly _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Wireman _ _ _ RN _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSM

====================================================================================

 

 

 

ALBERT MEDAL IN BRONZE (FOR SAVING OR ATTEMPTING TO SAVE LIFE AT SEA) (AM)

 

LG+ / CG___ NAME_________________ _____ RANK ___________SERVICE___ DECORATIONS_______

 

03/05/19 ___ BEARD, Edward S. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Stoker PO _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ RNCVR _ _ _ _ _ _ _AM

03/05/19 ___ MATTISON, Albert Charles _ _ Acting Boatswain _ _ _ _ _RCN_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ AM

04/09/17+ __ POOLEY, Ernest _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Chief Motor Mechanic _ __RN _ (MB1627) _ _ _AM

=================================================================================

 

 

 

MERITORIOUS SERVICE MEDAL (NAVY) (MSM)

 

CG DATE __NAME __________RANK____________ SERVICE___ DECORATIONS__________

 

26/07/19 _ _ HAY, James _ _ _ CERA 1/c _ (20486) _ _ _ RCN _ _ _ _MSM

 

========================================================================

========================================================================

 

 

FOREIGN AWARDS to the RCN and to CANADIANS in the NAVY (FLEET) for WW1

 

COMMANDER - LEGION OF HONOUR (France)

 

LG+ DATE __NAME__________________________________ RANK_____ SERVICE___ DECORATIONS

 

15/09/16+ _ _DE CHAIR, Dudley Rawson S. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Vice-Admiral _ _ _ RN _ _ _ _ _ KCB MVO

=======================================================================================

 

 

 

CHEVALIER - LEGION OF HONOUR (France)

 

LG+ DATE_ NAME______________ RANK___ SERVICE_____ DECORATIONS__________

 

12/12/18+ _ _BOURKE, Roland _ _ _ LCdr _ _ _ _ RNVR _ _ _ _ _ VC DSO

===========================================================================

 

 

 

GRAND OFFICER - ORDER OF THE CROWN OF ITALY (Italy)

 

LG+ DATE__ NAME____________________ RANK_______ SERVICE__________ DECORATIONS__

 

19/12/17+ _ _ KINGSMILL, Charles E. _ _ _ Admiral _ _ _ _ RN (on loan RCN) _ _ _ _ _ (Kt)

==================================================================================

 

 

 

COMMANDER - ORDER OF THE CROWN OF ITALY (Italy)

 

LG+ DATE __NAME________________________RANK________ SERVICE ______DECORATIONS__

 

19/12/17+ _ _ MARTIN, Edward Harrington _ _ _ Captain _ _ _ _ RN (on loan RCN) _ _ _ _ CMG

===================================================================================

 

 

CAVALIER - ORDER OF THE CROWN OF ITALY (Italy)

 

LG+ DATE__ NAME__________________ RANK______________ SERVICE___ DECORATIONS_

 

19/12/17+ _ _ MAY, Alfred J. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ RNCVR _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ---

===============================================================================

 

 

 

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MEDAL (United States of America)

 

LG+ DATE__ NAME__________________________ RANK __________SERVICE_____ DECORATIONS

 

29/04/19+ _ _ DE CHAIR, Dudley Rawson S. _ _ _ _ Vice-Admiral _ _ _ _ _ RN _ _ _ _ _ _ _ KCB MVO

====================================================================================

 

 

 

CHEVALIER - ORDER OF LEOPOLD (Belgium)

 

LG+ DATE__NAME _____________________________RANK__ SERVICE_______ DECORATIONS_

 

08/04/21+ _ _ BAILLIE-GROHMAN, Harold Tom _ _ _ LCdr _ _ _ RN _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSO (OBE)

==================================================================================

 

Unable to find a London Gazette date for the award of the Crown of Abyssinia/Star of Ethiopia

to Harold Tom Baillie-Grohman in the 1920's (perhaps not gazetted).

It first appears as the Crown of Abyssinia in his Who's Who biography in 1929 which changes

to the Star of Ethiopia in 1936 in his Who's Who biography.

 

====================================================================================

====================================================================================

 

CANADIANS in the ROYAL NAVAL AIR SERVICE (RNAS)

 

 

BAR TO THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER to CANADIANS in the RNAS (DSO*)

 

LG+ DATE _NAME_______________________RANK__________SERVICE____DECORATIONS________________

 

26/04/18+ _ _ MULOCK, Redford Henry_ _ _ _ _Wing Commander _ _ RNAS _ _ _ _ (CBE) DSO*

21/09/18+ _ _ COLLISHAW, Raymond _ _ _ _ _ _Temporary Major _ _ RAF_ _ _(WW2 CB) DSO* DSC (OBE DFC)

===============================================================================================================

 

 

 

 

 

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER to CANADIANS in the RNAS (DSO)

 

LG+ DATE _ NAME________________ _____RANK_____________________ DECORATIONS__________________

 

08/12/15+ ARNOLD, Harwood James _ _ _ _ _Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSO

11/08/17+ COLLISHAW, Raymond _ _ _ _ _ _ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (WW2 CB) DSO DSC (OBE DFC)

17/11/17+ FISHER, Philip Sidney _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Flight Commander _ _ (OC) (WW2 CBE) DSO DSC (CBE civil)

20/07/17+ HOBBS, Basil Deacon _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSO DSC*

17/05/18+ LECKIE, Robert __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _(WW2 CB) DSO DSC (DFC)

23/05/17+ MALONE, John Joseph _ _ _ _ _ _ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSO

22/06/16+ MULOCK, Redford Henry _ _ _ _ Acting Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ (CBE) DSO (*)

01/01/18+ SHOOK, Alexander Macdonald _ _ Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSO DSC

===================================================================================

 

 

 

SECOND BAR to the DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS to CANADIANS in the RNAS (DSC**)

 

LG+ DATE __NAME _____________________RANK______________DECORATIONS__________________________

 

19/12/17+ _ _FALL, Joseph Stewart Temple_ _ Flight Commander_ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC** (AFC)

19/12/17+ _ _HALLAM, Theodore Douglas_ _ Flight Commander_ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC**

===============================================================================================================

 

 

FIRST BAR to the DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS to CANADIANS in the RNAS (DSC*)

 

LG+ DATE__ NAME_________________ RANK______________________ DECORATIONS _ ________/

 

21/06/18+ BROWN, Arthur Roy _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _Captain_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC*

16/03/18+ CURTIS, Wilfred Austin _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ (OC) (WW2 CB CBE) DSC*

17/04/18+ DARLEY, Cecil Hill _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _Flight Commander_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC*

21/06/18+ EDWARDS, Stearne Tighe _ _ _ _ _ _ _Captain _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC*

19/12/17+ FALL, Joseph Stewart Temple _ _ _ _ _ Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC* (AFC)

16/02/17+ GALBRAITH, Daniel Murray Boyne _ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC*

07/06/18+ GLEN, James Alpheus _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC*

22/06/17+ HALLAM, Theodore Douglas _ _ _ _ _ Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC*

30/11/17+ HOBBS, Basil Deacon _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSO DSC*

17/04/18+ ROSEVEAR, Stanley Wallace _ _ _ _ _Flight Lieutenant_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC*

11/08/17+ SHARMAN, John Edward _ _ _ _ _ _ _Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC*

21/06/18+ WHEALY, Arthur Treloar _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Captain _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC*

===============================================================================================================

DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS to CANADIANS in the RNAS (DSC)

 

LG+ DATE__ NAME________________________ RANK ____________________DECORATIONS _________________

 

14/09/17+ __ALEXANDER, William Melville ______ Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

28/08/17+ __ALLAN, John Roy + ________________Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

30/11/17+ __ARMSTRONG, Fred Carr + _________ Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

26/04/18+ __BANBURY, Fred Everst + ___________ Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

22/06/17+ __BOSWELL, Henry George ___________ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

23/05/17+ __BREADNER, Lloyd Samuel __________ Flight Lieutenant_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _(RCAF WW2 CB) DSC

24/05/19+ __BRONSON, Cecil Gordon ____________ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

02/11/17+ __BROWN, Arthur Roy ________________ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC*

29/08/17+ __CARTER, Alfred William _____________ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (WW2 Civil OBE) DSC (MBE)

11/08/17+ __CHADWICK, Arnold Jacques + ________ Flight Lieutenant_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

21/04/17+ __CHASE, Charles Keith ________________ Sub-Lieutenant_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

22/02/18+ __CHISHOLM, John Foster ______________ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

20/07/17+ __COLLISHAW, Raymond __________ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (WW2 CB) (DSO* OBE) DSC (DFC)

19/12/17+ __CURTIS, Wilfred Austin __________ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ ______(OC) (WW2 CB CBE) DSC (*)

11/08/17+ __DARLEY, Cecil Hill ______________ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

22/01/18+ __DELAMERE, Rudolph Dawson ____ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

22/06/17+ __DEVLIN, John Roland Secretan ___ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _(WW2 CBE) DSC (AFC)

02/11/17+__ EDWARDS, Stearne Tighe + ______ Flight Commander_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

23/05/17+__ FALL, Joseph Stewart Temple _____ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC (AFC)

12/05/17+__ FISHER, Philip Sidney ___________ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _(OC) (Civil WW2 CBE) (DSO) DSC

12/05/17+__ FLETT, Walter Ernest ____________ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

22/06/17+__ FRASER, Frederick Earl + _________ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

25/10/16+__ GALBRAITH, Daniel Murray Boyne __Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

14/09/17+__ GALPIN, John Osborn ____________Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC (DFC)

26/04/18+__ GLEN, James Alpheus ___________ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

16/02/17+__ GRANGE, Edward Rochfort _______Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

17/11/17+__ HERVEY, Gerald Essex __________Flight Commander_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

22/06/17+__ HOBBS, Basil Deacon ___________Flight Sub-Lieutenant_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (DSO) DSC

24/02/16+__ INCE, Arthur Strachan ___________Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

17/11/17+__ JOHNSON, Frederic Ross ________Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

22/02/18+__ KEIRSTEAD, Ronald McNeill ______Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

02/11/17+__ KERBY, Harold Spencer _________ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (WW2 CB) DSC (AFC)

22/06/17+__ LECKIE, Robert ________________Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ __ _ _ _ (WW2 CB) (DSO) DSC (DFC)

01/10/17+__ MacLAURIN, Clarence ___________Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

22/06/17+__ McNICOLL, Charles _____________Flight Sub-Lieutenant_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

19/12/17+__ MAGOR, Norman Ansley + ________Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

19/12/17+__ MANUEL, John Gerald + _________ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

01/05/18+__ MILLS, Frederick Stanley _________Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

12/05/17+__ NELLES, Douglas Alexander H. ___ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

11/08/17+__ REID, Ellis Vair + _______________ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

17/11/17+__ ROSEVEAR, Stanley Wallace _____ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

01/05/18+__ SAUNDERS, Kenneth Foster _____ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC (AFC)

12/05/17+__ SHARMAN, John Edward + _______ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

11/08/17+__ SHOOK, Alexander Macdonald ____Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _(DSO) DSC (AFC)

11/08/17+__ SMITH, Langley Frank Willard + ____Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

01/11/17+__ SPROATT, Charles Beverley ______Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

01/05/18+__ WAUGH, John Keith ____________Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

26/04/18+__ WHEALY, Arthur Treloar _________Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC

============================================================================================================

AWARD of the DSC to a CANADIAN in the RNVR who was NOT in the FLEET or FLEET AIR ARM

 

LG+ DATE___NAME _______________________RANK ______________________DECORATIONS _______________

 

15/12/15+ __HALLAM, Theodore Douglas _______Lieutenant (RNVR) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

============================================================================================================

============================================================================================================

 

AWARDS to CANADIANS in the RAF FORMERLY in the RNAS for WW1

 

 

COMMANDER (Military) ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE (CBE)

 

CG DATE __NAME ________________________RANK ____SERVICE _________________DECORATIONS

01/01/19 __MULOCK, Redford Henry __________Colonel RAF (ex RNAS) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ CBE DSO*

===============================================================================================================

 

 

OFFICER (Military) ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE (OBE)

 

CG DATE ___NAME _________________________RANK ___SERVICE ______DECORATIONS __________________

12/07/20+ __COLLISHAW, Raymond ____________Major RAF (ex RNAS) _ _ (WW2 CB) DSO* OBE DSC DFC

===============================================================================================================

 

 

 

MEMBER (Military) ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE (MBE)

CG DATE ___NAME __________________________RANK _____SERVICE_______ DECORATIONS ______________

03/06/19+ __CARTER, Alfred William "Nick" ________Captain RAF (ex RNAS) ____(WW2 OBE) MBE DSC

===============================================================================================================

 

 

 

 

 

DISTINGUISHED FLYING CROSS (DFC)

CG DATE __NAME______________________ RANK _____SERVICE ______________DECORATIONS_____________

21/09/18+ _ _GALPIN, John Osborne _______Captain _ _ _ _ RAF (ex RNAS) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC DFC

02/09/18+ _ _LECKIE, Robert _____________Captain _ _ _ _ RAF (ex RNAS)_ _ _ _ (WW2 CB) DSO DSC DFC

===============================================================================================================

 

 

 

AIR FORCE CROSS (AFC)

 

CG DATE __NAME ________________________RANK ___________SERVICE ________DECORATIONS

 

03/06/19+ _ _ DEVLIN, John Roland Secretan _ _ Captain _ _ _ _ _ _RAF (ex RNAS) _ _ _(WW2 CBE) DSC AFC

01/01/19+ _ _ FALL, Joseph Stewart Temple _ _ _ Captain _ _ _ _ _ _RAF (ex RNAS) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSC** AFC

01/01/19+ _ _ KERBY, Harold Spencer _ _ _ _ _ _ Major _ _ _ _ _ _ _RAF (ex RNAS) _ _ _ _(WW2 CB) DSC AFC

02/11/18+ _ _ SAUNDERS, Kenneth Foster _ _ _ Captain _ _ _ _ _ _ RAF (ex RNAS) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC AFC

03/06/19+ _ _ SHOOK, Alexander Macdonald _ _ Major _ _ _ _ _ _ _ RAF (ex RNAS) _ _ _ _ _ _ _DSO DSC AFC

 

===============================================================================================================

 

FOREIGN AWARDS to CANADIANS in the RNAS for WW1

 

BELGIUM

COMMANDEUR - ORDRE DE LA COURONNE (Belgium)

 

CG DATE __NAME __________________________RANK ________DECORATIONS____________________________

 

22/02/18+ _ _ SMITH, Langley Frank Willard _ _ _ _ _Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ DSC

===============================================================================================================

 

 

CROIX DE GUERRE (Belgium)

 

CG DATE __NAME __________________________RANK ________DECORATIONS____________________________

 

22/02/18+ _ _ SMITH, Langley Frank Willard _ _ _ _ _Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ DSC

 

===============================================================================================================

 

 

FRANCE

CHEVALIER - LEGION D'HONNEUR (France)

 

CG DATE ___NAME ______________________________RANK ________________DECORATIONS_______________

14/09/17+ _ _MULLOCK, Redford Henry _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Squadron Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ (CBE) DSO

===============================================================================================================

 

CROIX DE GUERRE avec ETOILE en BRONZE (France)

 

CG DATE ______NAME _____________________________RANK ______________DECORATIONS_______________

 

28/02/22+ _ _ GALBRAITH, Daniel Murray Boyne _ _ _ _ _ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC*

===============================================================================================================

 

CROIX DE GUERRE avec ETOILE (France)

 

CG DATE _____NAME ___________________RANK __________________DECORATIONS______________________

 

21/04/17+ _ _ ARMSTONG, Fred Car _ _ _ _ _ _ _Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ---

21/04/17+ _ _ COLLISHAW, Raymond _ _ _ _ _ _ _Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ (DSO* DSC OBE DFC)

21/04/17+ _ _ McNEIL, Percy Gordon _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ---

21/04/17+ _ _ REDPATH, Ronald Francis _ _ _ _ ___Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ---

===============================================================================================================

 

CROIX DE GUERRE (France)

 

CG DATE _________NAME _________________RANK _____________DECORATIONS_________________________

 

22/02/18+ _ _ BRONSON, Cecil Gordon _ _ _ _ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

20/07/17+ _ _ FLETT, Walter Ernest _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ ---

20/07/17+ _ _ GLEN, James Alpheus _ _ _ _ _ _ Flight Sub-Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ ---

28/02/22+ _ _ GRANGE, Edward Rochfort _ _ _ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

29/08/17+ _ _ ROBINSON, William Edgar _ _ _ _Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ---

20/07/17+ _ _SHARMAN, John Edward + _ _ _ _ Flight Lieutenant _ _ _ _ _ _ _ DSC

20/01/17+ _ _ SHOOK, Alexander Macdonald _ _ Flight Commander _ _ _ _ _ _ (DSO DSC)

===============================================================================================================

===============================================================================================================

 

FOREIGN AWARDS to CANADIANS in the RNAS for WW1

 

IMPERIAL RUSSIA

 

ORDER of ST. VLADIMIR (4th Class) with SWORDS and BOW (Imperial Russia)

 

CG DATE ____NAME _______________________RANK _______________________DECORATIONS______________

 

no LG _ _ _ _ COLLISHAW, Raymond _ _ _ _ _ _ Major (RAF) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (RAF WW2 CB) DSO* OBE DSC DFC

 

===============================================================================================================

===============================================================================================================

 

CITATIONS and BIOGRAPHIES to CANADIANS

in the ROYAL NAVY (Fleet) / RCN in World War One

 

BAILLIE-GROHMAN, Harold Tom, Lieutenant-Commander

- Mention in Despatches

- Royal Navy

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 17 April 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

Born in Victoria, B.C.

He joined the Royal Navy (HMS Britannia) in 1903.

He was promoted to Lt (1909), LCdr (1917), Captain (1930); Rear-Admiral (1941) and Vice-Admiral (1943).

He served in WW1 in the Grand Fleet, in Dover Patrol in destroyers and minesweepers and was awarded

the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) as per London Gazette of 17 April 1918.

Captain Baillie-Grohman was a member of the British Naval Mission to China 1931-33.

Commanding Officer of HMS Ramillies, 1st Battle Squadron, Mediterranean in 1940 and was later attached

to the GOC Middle East.

He was chiefly responsible for shore to ship arrangements for the evacuation of British Forces

from Greece in 1941 and was awarded the CB.

He was Rear-Admiral Combined Operations, 1942 and involved in the initial plans for the Dieppe raid.

On 8 May 1945, Vice-Admiral Baillie-Grohman hoisted the White Ensign over the German Naval HQ, Kiel.

Cadet Royal Navy 1903 (HMS Britannia)

Lieutenant Royal Navy 1909

Lieutenant-Commander Royal Navy 1917 (Dover Patrol in destroyers and minesweepers)

Captain Royal Navy 1930 (British Naval Mission to China)

Rear-Admiral Royal Navy 1941 (Evacuation of British Forces from Greece)

Vice-Admiral Royal Navy 1943

 

BAILLIE-GROHMAN, Harold Tom, Lieutenant-Commander

- Distinguished Service Order (DSO)

- Royal Navy

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 17 April 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

 

* * * * *

BEARD, Charles Taschereau. - Mentioned in Despatches - RCN - Awarded as per London Gazette of ?
Born: 30 July 1890 in Ottawa, Ontario
Left Canada at age 17 to pursue a maritime career in Great Britain.
Two years of service aboard the Merchant Training ship Conway.
Returned to Canada and served on several fisheries patrol vessels including the Kestrel and Canada.
Joined Royal Naval Reserve on 04 March 1909 and spent a short time in HMC Algerine while she was stationed in Esquimalt.
On 21 October 1910, he joined the Royal Canadian Navy as a Midshipman.
Most of his early naval career was spent with the Royal Navy.
Received a Mentioned in Despatches in WWI.
In 1922, he became Senior Naval Officer, Esquimalt and the Captain of Naden.
He later held various posts at Headquarters including Director of Naval Reserves and also Director of Naval Operations.
In 1936 he was once again at Naden as Commanding Officer as well as Commander of the Dockyard.
Upon retirement, he distinguished himself in civilian life by representing Esquimalt as an MLA for 6 years.
Beard's most notable command was his last. He was called out of retirement at the beginning of the Second World War and was the first to take command of HMCS Prince Robert.
The Prince Robert was a former passenger vessel that was converted and commissioned as an auxiliary cruiser in 1940.
Her first mission was to help reinforce a blockade off the Mexican coast that was attempting to prevent enemy merchant raiders from sailing.
After dark while on patrol off Manzanillo on September 25th, the lookouts spotted a large ship coming out.
Beard kept Prince Robert to the south and unobserved, waiting until the other ship cleared the port.
The merchantman was tracked for a mile astern until both were in international waters.
Then Prince Robert closed on the other vessel and illuminated her port quarter.
The enemy vessel, German Merchantman Weser, was taken completely by surprise, and before her crew could scuttle her she was boarded.
A small prize crew sailed Weser back to Esquimalt.
Commander Beard's command of the Prince Robert was short-lived as he was forced into retirement again due to ill health.
He died at Esquimalt on 21 November 1948 and was buried with full military honours.
BEARD. Charles Taschereau,
Merchant Ship Training Conway
RNR [4.3.09] Midshipman
CGS CANADA 1910, Mid [21.10.10] CNF,
HMCS NIOBE 11,000/1897 (21.10.10-?)
HMS DREADNOUGHT 1911,
S/Lt [14.1.13]
HMS LANCASTER 1914, Lt [14.11.14] RCN,
HMS ATTENTIVE for HM P-17, pb, (11.1.18-?)
HMS RAMILLIES 1920,
HMCS PATRIOT 1,004/16, DD, stand by (1.9.20-1.11.20)
HMCS PATRIOT 1,004/16, DD, CO, (1.11.20-2.9.22)
HMCS NADEN 88/1913,(D/S) CO, (3.9.22-?)
HMCS PATRICIAN 1,004/16, DD, CO, (3.9.22-31.10.22)
HMCS NADEN m/v, (D/S) CO, (1.11.22-?)
Cdr [14.11.22]
Cdr [1.9.26] AdC,
HMCS CHAMPLAIN DD, CO, (1.3.28-20.5.28)
NSHQ, Staff Officer, (1.6.28-?)
NSHQ as Director Naval Reserves (4.7.33-?)
NSHQ, Dir Ops & Trg, (2.1.36-?)
HMCS NADEN(D/S) CO, Cdr i/c Esq, & OIC Dky Esq, (1.7.36-?) AdC,
Retired [1.4.39]
HMCS PRINCE ROBERT(F56) amc, stand by, (2.4.40-30.7.40)
HMCS PRINCE ROBERT(F56) amc, CO, (31.7.40-7.10.40)
Captured German SS WESER off Mexico 1940. Retired [1.1.41]
MID~[9.1.43]
Retirement: RCN - Commander, Honourable
Medals and Decorations:
WWI The 1914-15 Star, British War Medal 1914-18, Victory Medal 1914-1919 (mentioned in despatches)
Between: 1935 King George V Jubilee Medal, King George VI Coronation Medal
WWII 1939/45 Star, Atlantic Star, CVSM and Clasp, War Medal 1939-1945 with MID
Medals on display in the CFB Esquimalt Naval Museum (missing the WWII MID on the 39/45 War Medal)

* * * * *

 

BEARD, Edward S., Stoker Petty Officer

- ALBERT MEDAL in Bronze (For Saving or Attempting to Save Life at Sea) (AM)

- RNCVR / HMCS Niobe

- Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 3 May 1919 and London Gazette of 18 February 1919.

"On the 6th December 1917, the French steamer 'Mont Blanc', with a cargo of high explosives,

and the Norwegian steamer 'Imo" were in collision in Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia.

Fire broke out on the 'Mount Blanc' immediately after the collision. The Commanding Officer of

H.M.C.S. Niobe, which was lying in the harbour, on perceiving what had happened, sent away a

steam-boat to see what could be done. Mr. Mattison and six men of the Royal Naval Canadian

Volunteer Reserve volunteered to form the crew of this boat, but just as the boat got alongside

the 'Mont Blanc' the ship blew up, and Mr. Mattison and the whole boat's crew lost their lives.

The boat's crew were fully aware of the desperate nature of the work they were engaged on,

and by their gallantry and devotion to duty they sacrificed their lives in the endeavour to save

the lives of others."

 

* * * * *

BELL-IRVING, Henry Beattie, Acting Lieutenant

- Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

- RNVR / H.M.S Drifter - Awarded as per London Gazette of 20 July 1917 (no Canada Gazette).

Born in Vancouver in 1887. Married Anne Pybus in 1912 and they had six children.

Joined the RNVR at the start of WW1. Received DSC and Bar in WW1.

Worked in Vancouver between wars. Served in WW2 as a Commander, RCNVR,

and was a salvage office on one of the beaches on D-Day.

The medals of Henry Bell-Irving are on display in the Wardroom at HMCS Discovery

(Naval Reserve Unit in Vancouver).

His son became the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia and received the DSO & Bar and

OBE in World War Two (plus the Order of Canada (OC), Order of British Columibia (OBC) and was a KStJ).

The KING has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of the

Distinguished Service Cross to the undermentioned Officer:

-- Sub.-Lieut. (Act. Lieut.) Henry Beattie Bell-Irving, RNVR

"In recognition of his services in command of H.M. Drifter "I.F.S." in an engagement

with five enemy seaplanes on the 11th June, 1917. Two of the enemy machines were

brought down by gun-fire and destroyed."

 

BELL-IRVING, Henry Beattie, Acting Lieutenant, DSC

- Bar to the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC*)

- RNVR

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 2 November 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

The KING has been graciously pleased to approve of the award

of decoration to the undermentioned officer:

--To receive a Bar to the Distinguished Service Cross:

-- Act. Lieut. Henry Beattie Bell-Irving, DSC, RNVR

"In recognition of his gallantry when one of H.M. minesweepers struck a mine."

 

MEDALS of Lieutenant-Commander Henry Beattie BELL-IRVING, DSC and Bar, RCNVR:

DSC* - British War Medal - WW1 Victory Medal - Defence Medal - CVSM & Clasp - 1939/45 War Medal.

* * * * *

 

BOURKE, Rowland Richard Louis, Lieutenant

- Mentioned in Despatches

- RNVR / ML276

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 July 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

Born in London England on 28 November 1985. His family moved in Canada.

Joined the RNVR at the outbreak of WW1. Awarded DSO and Victoria Cross in WW1.

Commanded ML-276 in the operations against Zeebrugge and Ostend in 1918.

Returned to Canada following the war.

LCdr Rowland Bourke served in the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve in WW2 at Esquimalt.

He died in Esquimalt, B.C., on 29 August 1958. Buried in Victoria, B.C.

"The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following honour for services in the operations

against Zeebrugge and Ostend on the night of the 22-23rd April, 1918. Throughout the action, he showed

the greatest coolness and skill in handling his motor-launch. He repeatedly went alongside "Brilliant" under

very heavy fire and took off 38 officers and men. He took in tow and brought back to the harbour another

motor- launch which was damaged."

 

BOURKE, Rowland Richard Louis, Lieutenant

- Distinguished Service Order (DSO)

- RNVR / ML276

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 July 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following honour for services

in the operations against Zeebrugge and Ostend on the night of the 22-23rd April, 1918

to the following Officer:--

To be made a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order:

- - - - - - - - - - - Lieut. Rowland Richard Louis Bourke, RNVR.

"Throughout the action, he showed the greatest coolness and skill in handling his motor-launch.

He repeatedly went alongside "Brilliant" under very heavy fire and took off 38 officers and men.

He took in tow and brought back to the harbour another motor- launch which was damaged."

 

BOURKE, Rowland Richard Louis, Lieutenant, DSO

- VICTORIA CROSS (VC)

- RNVR / ML276

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 28 August 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

"Volunteered for rescue work in command of M.L. 276 and followed "Vindictive" into Ostend, engaging the

enemy's machine-guns on both piers with Lewis guns. After M.L. 254 had backed out, Lt. Bourke laid his

vessel alongside 'Vindictive' to make further search. Finding no one, he withdrew, but hearing cries in the

water, he again entered the harbour, and after a prolonged search, eventually found Lt. Sir John Alleyne, and

two ratings, all badly wounded, and in the water, clinging to an upended skiff, and he rescued them. During all

this time, the motor launch was under very heavy fire at close range, being hit in fifty-five places, once by a 6

inch shell--two of her small crew being killed and others wounded. The vessel was seriously damaged and

speed greatly reduced. Lt. Bourke, however, managed to bring her out and carry on until he fell in with a

Monitor, which took him in tow. This episode displayed daring and skill of a very high order, and Lt. Bourke's

bravery and perseverance undoubtedly saved the lives of Lt. Alleyne and two of the 'Vindictive's' crew."

 

BOURKE, Rowland Richard Louis, Lieutenant-Commander, VC, DSO

- Chevalier - Legion of Honour (France)

- RNVR / ML276

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 12 December 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

"For services in the operations against Zeebrugge and Ostend on the night of the 22-23rd April, 1918.

Throughout the action, he showed the greatest coolness and skill in handling his motor-launch. He repeatedly

went alongside "Brilliant" under very heavy fire and took off 38 officers and men. He took in tow and brought

back to the harbour another motor- launch which was damaged."

MEDALS of

Lieutenant-Commander Rowland Richard Louis BOURKE, VC, DSO, RCNVR

VC - DSO - British War Medal - WW1 Victory Medal with MID - CVSM - 1939-45 War Medal

- 1936 King George VI Coronation Medal - EIIR Coronation Medal - Chevalier, Legion of Honour (France)

 

* * * * *

 

DENISON, John, Captain

- Distinguished Service Order (DSO)

- Royal Navy

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 4 June 1917 (no Canada Gazette).

John Denison was born in Toronto and entered the Royal Navy in 1867.

He commanded the Royal Yacht from 1893 to 1896 and was A.D.C. to the King from 1905 to 1906.

From 1908 to 1909, he commanded the Devonport Division of the Home Fleet and retired as an Admiral.

He came out of retirement in World War One to help the Royal Navy and reverted to the rank of Captain.

On retirement, he was promoted to Commodore.

"In recognition of services in the prosecution of the war"

 

* * * * *

 

EDWARDS, Charles Peter, Lieutenant-Commander

- Officer - Order of the British Empire (Military) (OBE)

- RNCVR

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 April 1920 (no Canada Gazette).

He was working for the Department of Marine and Fisheries when he was transferred to the newly formed Naval

Service in 1910. He remained with the navy until 1936 when he became the Director of Air Services, Department

of Transport. He became the Deputy Minister of Transport in 1941 and the Deputy Minister (Air Services)

Department of Transport in 1948. He was awarded the CMG in 1946 for his work as Director of Air Services in World War Two.

"For outstanding service as the Director of Radiotelegraph Branch, Canadian Naval Service."

Awarded Companion - Order of St. Michael and St. George (CMG) as per Canada Gazette of

01 July 1946 while Deputy Minister of Transport.

 

* * * * *

 

GAMMON, John Thomas, Chief Master at Arms

- Member - Order of the British Empire (Military) (MBE)

- RCN

- Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 26 July 1919 and London Gazette of 27 June 1919.

"For gallantry and devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosion at Halifax, Nova Scotia, on the 6th

December, 1917. At the time of the explosion two divers were down under the supervision of Mr. Gammon;

the diving party were scattered by the explosion, and there was no one to handle the pump; Mr. Gammon was

thrown down, but regaining his feet, manned the pump, and with the assistance of Seaman Walter George

Critch (RNR, from Newfoundland who received the Meritorious Service Medal), kept the pump going until the

divers were released and placed in safety. Debris was falling in all directions during the whole time, and four

men are normally required to man a diving pump."

* * * * *

 

GOOLDIN, Massy, Lieutenant-Commander

- Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

- Royal Navy

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 16 August 1915 (no Canada Gazette).

He served as Naval Officer-In-Charge, Sydney, N.S. (HMCS Protector) at the outset

of World War II with the rank of Commander.

"He received the DSC for his services during the landing of the Army on the

Gallipoli Peninsula 25th-26th April, 1915."

 

* * * * *

 

HAINES, Ernest, Acting Lieutenant

- Member - Order of the British Empire (Military) (MBE)

- RCN

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 April 1920 (no Canada Gazette).

Ernest Haines was born in 1878 and served in the Royal Navy before transferring to the Royal Canadian Navy as

a gunner on board HMCS Rainbow. He had been a participant in the funeral of Queen Victoria and had received

the Royal Victorian Medal for that service. After serving on HMCS Rainbow, he was transferred to N.S.H.Q. as an

advisor on naval armament. He transferred in 1921 to the civil service as Naval Armament Supply Officer. He

returned to active naval service with the rank of Commander and served as Director of Naval Ordnance from 1939

until January 1943. At that time, he was appointed Superintendent Naval Armament Depot, Halifax but later in

1943 returned to his former position in Ottawa retiring from the Navy and from his working career in 1945 at the

age of seventy. He was made an Officer of the Order (OBE) of the British Empire for his services in World War Two.

"Awarded for services as Advisor on Naval Armament Naval Service Headquarters (Ottawa)."

Previously awarded Royal Victorian Medal (RVM) as a participant in the funeral of Queen Victoria.

MEDALS of Commander Ernest HAINES, OBE, RVM, RCNVR:

OBE (2nd Type) / MBE (1st type) - African General Service Medal clasp Somaliland 1902-1904

- 1914 Star - British War Medal - Victory Medal - CVSM - 1939-1945 Medal

- King George VI Coronation Medal - Royal Victorian Medal (Queen Victoria bust).

His medals are displayed in the Maritime Command Museum in Halifax.

* * * * *

 

HALLAM, Theodore Douglas, Lieutenant

- Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

- RNVR / RNAS Armoured Car Unit

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 15 December 1915 (no Canada Gazette).

Lt. Hallam was from Toronto

Went overseas with the 1st Contingent of the Canadian Army as a Private in a machine-gun unit. While in

England, we was commissioned in the RNVR and subsequently sent to the Dardanelles with an RNAS Machine-

gun unit. At the end of April 1915, while serving with a RNAS Armoured Car Unit in Gallipoli, he was in charge of

two machine-guns in an important forward position and for six days, he and his men worked their guns

continuously repelling all attempts by the Turks to overrun them. When Hallam finally withdrew, under orders, both

his guns had been shot out of action. For this action he received the DSC. Hallam was wounded in July 1915 and

invalided back to England. He qualified as a pilot in August 1916. In mid-April 1917, he commanded a flight of five

H.12 flying boats from Felixstowe. He received a bar to his DSC for an attack on a U-Boat on April 23, 1917 and a

second bar for his continued flying boat operations from Felixstowe. (From the book "Brave Young Wings").

 

"He was serving in the Dardanelles with an RNAS Machine-gun unit. At the end of April 1915, while serving

with a RNAS Armoured Car Unit in Gallipoli, he was in charge of two machine-guns in an important forward

position and for six days, he and his men worked their guns continuously repelling all attempts by the Turks to

overrun them. When Hallam finally withdrew, under orders, both his guns had been shot out of action.

 

HALLAM, Theodore Douglas, Lieutenant

- Bar to the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC*)

- RNVR / Fleet Air Arm

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 15 December 1915 (no Canada Gazette).

- - Commanded a flight of five H.12 flying boats from Felixstowe.

 

HALLAM, Theodore Douglas, Lieutenant

- Second Bar to the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC**)

- RNVR / Fleet Air Arm

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 15 December 1915 (no Canada Gazette).

- - -For his continued flying boat operations from Felixstowe.

 

* * * * *

 

HAY, James, Chief Engine Room Artificer 1st Class (20486)

- Meritorious Service Medal (MSM)

- RCN / Ammunition Ship Picton

- Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 26 July 1919 and London Gazette 30 June 1919.

"For services during the Halifax Explosion on the Ammunition Ship Picton."

 

* * * * *

 

HOSE, Walter, Captain

- Commander - Order of the British Empire (Military) (CBE)

- RCN

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 April 1920 (no Canada Gazette).

He was born at sea and joined the Royal Navy in 1875.

He married a native of St. John's Newfoundland during his services in the waters off of Newfoundland.

In 1909, he was executive officer of the armoured cruiser HMS Cochrane. He commanded HM ships Tweed,

Ringdove, Kale, Redbreast and Jason. In 1911, the Royal Navy loaned Commander Hose to the Canadian Naval Service.

Commanding Officer of HMCS Rainbow in June 1911. In 1912, he retired from the RN and became an RCN

officer. In 1917, he transferred from Rainbow to Ottawa to organize the east coast patrols and in the summer of

that year was appointed Captain of Patrols. In 1918, he went to Halifax as Senior Naval Officer and in December

1918 was appointed to duty at N.S.H.Q. He became Assistant Director of the Naval Service in 1920 and

succeeded Admiral Kingsmill as Director of the Naval Service of Canada in January 1921. He was promoted to

Commodore in 1921 and to Rear-Admiral on his retirement 1 July 1934. (from the book, Naval Services of

Canada)

Citation for CBE:

"Awarded for outstanding service as the Assistant Director of the Canadian Naval Service."

* * * * *

 

JOHNSON, Bernard Leith, Lieutenant-Commander - Mentioned in Despatches - RNR (on loan RNCVR)

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 2 November 1917 (no Canada Gazette).
Born on 22 February 1878 at Birkenhead, near Liverpool, England.
Joined the square rigged sailing ship "Benmore" as apprentice seaman in 1893.
Rounded the Cape of Good Hope in July 1894 on the three masted clipper "Borowable".
Established himself in Vancouver in June 1898 and served as Mate on the tiny steamer "City of Columbia".
Qualified for his coastwise Master's Papers in January 1902.
Commander of the 231 ton screw steamer "Capilano" (Union Steamship Company).
Married Flora Grant in 1904. Son Bernard Dodds Leith Johnson born in November 1904 (served in RCNVR in WW2).
In 1910, commanded the Grand Trunk Pacific Passenger Steamer "Prince Rupert".
In 1913, he joined the B.C. Pilotage Service at Vancouver. A Master Mariner in steam and sail.
In 1914, as a civilian, he acted as pilot for the HMCS Rainbow.
In August 1914, he acted as pilot of HMC Submarines C1 and C2.
He was made First Lieutenant in HMC Submarine CC-2 in August 1914 under the ship's captain, Lieutenant Bertram E. Jones, RN.
Enlisted in the RNCVR as Lieutenant in 04 August 1914.
Transferred to the RNR as a Lieutenant with seniority effective 7 May 1915.
Commanding Officer of HM Submarine H-8 from 7 May 1915 to 26 March 1916.
Transferred to RNVR in 1915 (with rank, Lieutenant, RNVR in August 1915. Served in the 8th Flotilla in the North Sea.
Commanding Officer of HM Submarine D-3 from 19 April 1916 to 22 November 1917.
Promoted LCdr RNVR in March 1916.
To HMS Ambrose at Berehaven in November 1917.
Commanding Officer of HM Submarine E-54 from 22 November 1917 to 27 May 1918.
Commanding Officer of HM Submarine H-15 from 7 July 1918 to 9 December 1918.
Commander RNR January 1919
Transferred to RCNR as Commander.
Returned to Vancouver in 1919 and demobilized 24 April 1919.
Mobilized for War Service as Commander (Temp.), RCNVR on 01 September 1939.
Naval Officer-in-Charge Port of Vancouver from 1939 to 1941.
First Commanding Officer of HMCS Preserver (Depot Ship) from 11 July 1942 to 16 December 1943.
Promoted Captain, RCNR on 1 July 1943.

Awarded a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for obtaining a fuelling depot for Esquimalt Naval Base just prior to the outbreak of WWII.
The books 'The Two Barneys’ by Norman Hacking and "Submarine Sailor" by J. David Perkins describe his career in detail.
He died on 26 October 1968 at the age of 90 in Vancouver.

"While in command of the RN Submarine H8, he was awarded the DSO for his courage and seamanship when a British mine exploded near her bow while the submarine was submerged."


JOHNSON, Bernard Leith, Lieutenant-Commander - Distinguished Service Order (DSO) - RNR (on loan RNCVR

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 2 November 1917 (no Canada Gazette).

The KING has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of the following honour to the undermentioned officer, in recognition of services in submarines in enemy waters:--
To be Companion of the Distinguished Service Order: Lieut.-Cdr. Bernard Leitch Johnson, RNR


"While in command of the RN Submarine H8, he was awarded the DSO for his courage and
seamanship when a British mine exploded near her bow while the submarine was submerged."

JOHNSON. Bernard "Barney" Leitch, A/Lt [4.8.14] RNCVR,
HMCS SHEARWATER for HMC S/M CC2, 1st Lt, (4.8.14-6.5.17)
RNCVR appt terminated [7.5.15] to RNVR [7.5.15].
HMS/M H8, CO, Montreal stand by, (7.5.15-14.5.15)
8th Fl, HMS/M H8, CO, (15.5.15-5.8.15)
8th Fl, HMS/M H8, CO, Lt, RNR, [6.8.15]
HMS DOLPHIN (D/S) for Alecto (6.8.15-?) HMS/M H8, CO,
HMS ALECTO (D/S) at Yarmouth, 8th Flotilla. (1.10.15-?)
HMS/M H8, Paid off for extensive refit, (30.3.16)
HMS MAIDSTONE (D/S) Harwich, 8th Fl for: a. leave (30.3.16-?)
b. HMS/M D3, (12.4.16-11.11.17)
A/LCdr("meritorious" promotion, not Gazetted)
HMS/M D3, CO, A/LCdr,
HMS VULCAN (D/S) at:
a. Immingham (4.8.16-?)
b. Queenstown (17.2.17-?)
HMS/M D3, CO, HMS PLATYPUS(D/S) at Killybegs (21.4.17-?)
DSO~[2.11.17] "gallantry on H8 & continued service in
S/M's" Gazetted
HMS AMBROSE(D/S) Berehaven, addl (22.11.17-?)
HMS/M E54, CO, HMS AMBROSE(D/S) at:
a. Berehaven (22.11.17-?) b. Portsmouth (?.4.17-27.5.18)
HMS DOLPHIN(D/S) Sick leave-Canada to recuperate (27.5.17-?)
SO Submarines - Boston Navy Yard for H14 & H15 (?.6.18-?)
SO Subs, USA & CO H15 (All RNR wardroom)(7.7.18-9.12.18)
HMS DOLPHIN(D/S) addl (?.12.18-?) (H15 paid off at Bermuda)
SO captured U-boats Portland, (?.1.18-?)
A/Cdr. RNR, CO U-164 (for CO pay)
Demobilized [24.4.19] Appointed Naval Advisor [10.8.38]
Cdr(Temp) [1.9.39] RCNR,
HMC Naval Base, Vancouver, NOIC, NCS, CO Aux/Vessels, (1.9.39-?)
HMCS PRESERVER (Y1.12) stc, CO stand by, (1.6.42-10.7.42)
HMCS PRESERVER (Y1.12) stc, CO, (11.7.42-16.12.43)
Capt(Temp) [1.7.43] Appt terminated [25.10.44]
Medically unfit. CBE~[5.1.46]

 

* * * * *

 

KING, Clarence Aubrey, Lieutenant - Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) - RNR - Awarded as per London Gazette of 22 June 1917 (no Canada Gazette).

Home was Oliver, British Columbia.

He served in World War II as a Commander (RCNR) and was awarded a bar to his DSC (LG 24 October 1944) and a DSO (LG 16 December 1942).

He was Mentioned in Despatches twice (LG 15 August 1944 and

CG 9 September 1944) and was made a Legionnaire, Order of Merit (USA) on 27 September 1943).

Commanding Officer HMCS Saskatoon (Flower Class Corvette - K158) from 5 February 1942 to 14 February 1942.

Commanding Officer HMCS Nipigon (Bangor Class Minesweeper - J154) from 15 February 1942 to 11 May 1942.

Commanding Officer HMCS Oakville (Flower Class Corvette - K178) from 12 May 1942 to 21 April 1943.

First Commanding Officer of HMCS Swansea (River Class Frigate - K328) from 4 October 1943 to 29 July 1944.

Last Commanding Officer of HMCS Runnymede (River Class Frigate - K678) from 9 June 1945 to 9 August 1945 (rank of Commander).

* * * * *

 

KINGSMILL, Charles Edmund, Admiral

- Knight Bachelor (Kt)

- RN (seconded RCN)

- Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 11 May 1918.

Born in Guelph, Ontario in 1855.

He joined the RN as a Midshipman in 1870. His subsequent promotions were to: Sub-Lieutenant - 1875;

Lieutenant - 1877; Commander - 1891; Captain 1898; Rear-Admiral - 1908.

During his RN career, he commanded HMS "Goldfinch", "Blenheim", "Archer", "Gibraltar", "Mildura", "Resolution",

"Majestic", and "Dominion". He came to Canada on loan from the Royal Navy to command the Marine Services of

the Department of Marine and Fisheries. With the formation of the Naval Services of Canada, he became the

Director of the Services and held this position throughout World War One until retiring in 1921. He was made a

Vice-Admiral on 17 May 1913 and a full Admiral in 1917.

Midshipman Royal Navy 1870

Sub-Lieutenant Royal Navy 1875

Lieutenant Royal Navy 1877

Commander Royal Navy 1891 (Commanding Officer HMCS Majestic)

Captain Royal Navy 1898 (Commanding Officer HMCS Dominion)

Rear-Admiral Royal Navy 1908 (to Canada with Dept Marine & Fisheries)

Vice-Admiral Royal Navy 1913 (17 May 1913 / on loan RCN)

Admiral Royal Navy 1917 (Director Naval Services of Canada)

"Awarded for outstanding services as the Director of Naval Services of Canada 1910 - 1921."

MEDALS of Admiral Charles Edmund KINGSMILL, Kt:

- King Edward VII Coronation Medal

- Egypt Medal (1884-1885)

- Khedive's Star for service in Egypt

- Grand Officer, Order of the Crown of Italy

- Officer, Legion of Honour (France) (date not found)

* * * * *

 

MacCALLUM, Frank Aton, Lieutenant

- Mentioned in Despatches

- RNVR

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 11 April 1919 (no Canada Gazette).

He was born near Hartland, New Brunswick, around 1888.

His father was the postmaster and he worked for the Bank of Montreal prior to the war.

He was commissioned in the RNVR on 8 June 1916 with seniority 25 May 1916.

After the war, he returned to the Bank of Montreal serving mainly in British Columbia (in Prince George, Prince

Rupert, Kamloops and Victoria). He was married to Beatrice G. Baker, V.A.D. (who also had the British War

Medal). He died in Victoria in 1974. He was cremated and his ashes were spread over a bay near a fishing camp

he had on northern Vancouver Island.

"For Services in Motor Launches".

 

MacCALLUM, Frank Aton, Lieutenant

- Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

- RNVR

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 11 April 1919 (no Canada Gazette).

"For Services in Motor Launches".

He commanded a patrol vessel and received the DSC for a raid on the Zeebrugge Harbour in April 1918. His

patrol vessel was one of the four that sunk the old RN vessel HMS Vindictive at the mouth of the mole at

Zeebrugge which blocked the harbour entrance and trapped the German vessels then in port.

 

 

MEDALS of Lieutenant Frank Aton MacCALLUM, DSC, RNVR:

DSC - War Medal - Victory Medal with MID

 

* * * * *

 

McGUIRK, Henry Francis, Lieutenant

- Member - Order of the British Empire (Military) (MBE)

- RNCVN

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 20 April 1920 (no Canada Gazette).

Promoted to Lieutenant 15 January 1916.

 

* * * * *

 

MARTIN, Edward Harrington, Captain

- Companion - Order of St. Michael and St. George (CMG)

- RCN

- Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 24 March 1917 and London Gazette of 1 January 1917.

He was promoted to Captain on 31 December 1912.

At the outbreak of WW1, he was the superintendent of the Halifax Dockyard and was in charge

of the Royal Naval College of Canada at Halifax.

He then became the Superintendent Halifax Dockyard.

Commanding Officer of HMCS Rainbow from October 1919 until June 1920 when the Rainbow was

sold to a Seattle ship-breaker. HMCS Rainbow was acting as a depot ship at Esquimalt during this period.

Died enroute to India at Yokohama on 26 May 1921.

MARTIN. Edward Harrington, Cdt [15.1.1872] RN

Mid [19.12.1875] S/Lt [19.3.1889]
Lt [31.12.1883] Cdr [12.9.10] RN(rtd) Cdr [1.10.10] RN(ret)
HMCS NIOBE addl as OIC Naval Dockyard Halifax, & OIC NCC. (1.10.10-?)
HMCS DIANA(D/S) RNCC (1.10.11-?) Capt [31.12.12] CMG~[1.1.17] RN(rtd)
HMCS RAINBOW(D/S) for HMC Dockyard Esquimalt - - Capt [1.10.17] RCN,
Commander-Order of the Crown of Italy(Italy)~[19.12.17]
HMC Dockyard Esquimalt - Capt/Superintendent. (27.2.18-?)
HMCS NADEN 88/13, m/v, (D/S) Esq, CO, (1.11.19-?)

"Awarded for outstanding service as the Superintendent Halifax Dockyard."

* * * * *

 

MATTISON, Albert Charles, Acting Boatswain

- ALBERT MEDAL in Bronze (For Saving or Attempting to Save Life at Sea) (AM)

- RCN / HMCS Niobe

- Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 3 May 1919 and London Gazette of 18 February 1919.

"On the 6th December 1917, the French steamer 'Mont Blanc', with a cargo of high explosives, and the

Norwegian steamer 'Imo" were in collision in Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia. Fire broke out on the 'Mount

Blanc' immediately after the collision. The Commanding Officer of H.M.C.S. Niobe, which was lying in the

harbour, on perceiving what had happened, sent away a steam-boat to see what could be done. Mr. Mattison

and six men of the Royal Naval Canadian Volunteer Reserve volunteered to form the crew of this boat, but

just as the boat got alongside the 'Mont Blanc' the ship blew up, and Mr. Mattison and the whole boat's crew

lost their lives. The boat's crew were fully aware of the desperate nature of the work they were engaged on,

and by their gallantry and devotion to duty they sacrificed their lives in the endeavour to save the lives of

others."

* * * * *

 

OLAND, John Eric Wodehouse, Lieutenant

- Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

- RCN - Awarded as per London Gazette of 11 June 1919 (no Canada Gazette).

Born 27 February 1895. Entered Royal Naval College at Halifax as Cadet on 19 January 1911. to HMS Berwick

as Midshipman on 27 February 1913. To RN College of Canada on 8 February 1914. Promoted Sub-Lieutenant

on 1 December 1915. To HMS Suffolk on 15 August 1914. To HMS Marvel on 2 August 1916. To HMS Medea

on 9 November 1917. Acting Lieutenant, RCN, on 2 May 1917. On staff of Royal Naval College of Canada at

Kingston, Ontario in April 1918. Awarded DSC. Married on 10 September 1919 to Denise Victoria Harris.

Daughter, Adine Denise, born on 19 July 1920. Qualified "T" in Vernon on 22 July 1921 and served on staff of

Vernon for one year after. Commanding Officer of HMCS Patrician from 1 November 1922 to 30 September 1924.

To Naden as First Lieutenant and "T" Officer on 1 October 1924. He served as Naval Officer-In- Charge, St. John,

N.B. (HMCS Captor) at the outset of WW2 with the rank of Commander.

The KING is graciously pleased to approve the award of the following honours, decorations and medals to the

undermentioned officers: -- To receive the Distinguished Service Cross

Lieut. John Eric Wodehouse Oland, RCN

"For distinguished services in destroyers during the War"

During the war, it was customary for the fleet to do what was termed a P.Z. sweep. This was as a rule to the

mouth of Scotland. It was always hard on the destroyers of that day particularly in heavy weather and the

ships blackened out. On one of these occasions, two destroyers collided and Oland's destroyer assisted in

rescuing a number of men before one of the destroyers sank. For his effort on that occasion, Oland was

awarded the D.S.C. This is the only award of a Distinguished Service Cross to a member of the Royal

Canadian Navy in World War One. The other awards to Canadians were made while serving with one of the

branches of the Royal Navy.

 

MEDALS of Commander John Eric Wodehouse OLAND, DSC, RCN:

DSC - 1914/15 Star - BWM - VM - 1935 GV Jubilee Medal - 1937 GVI Coronation Medal

(He would also have been entitled to the CVSM and 39/45 War Medal)

His medals are now on display at the Museum at CFB Esquimalt.

* * * * *

 

PETERS, Frederick Thornton, Lieutenant

- Mentioned in Despatches

- RN / HMS Meteor

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 3 March 1915.

Born in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island.

 

PETERS, Frederick Thornton, Lieutenant

- Distinguished Service Order (DSO)

- RN / HMS Meteor

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 3 March 1915 (no Canada Gazette).

 

PETERS, Frederick Thornton, Lieutenant, DSO

- Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

- RN / HMS Meteor

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 8 March 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

See the end of this section for details on his WW1 career.

* * * * *

 

PHILIP, Arthur Edward, Engineer-Commander

- Officer - Order of the British Empire (Civil) (OBE)

- RNR

- Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 9 February 1918.

"Awarded for services as the Senior Chief Engineer, Canadian Pacific Ocean Services."

 

* * * * *

 

POOLEY, Ernest A., Chief Motor Mechanic

- ALBERT MEDAL in BRONZE (for Saving Life at Sea) (AM)

- RN

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 4 September 1917 (no Canada Gazette).

Ernest Pooley was from Point Grey, B.C. He was invalided home and received his Albert Medal from the

Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, Sir. F. Barnardon on 23 April 1918 at the opening of the

Army & Navy Vets Club Room.

"On the 22nd April 1917, a violent explosion occurred on board H.M. Motor Launch 431 while she was

lying alongside the jetty at the base. The after part of the vessel was wrecked, and it at once became known

that Sub-Lieutenant Charles W. Nash lay buried, and it was clear that there was imminent danger of the

after petrol tanks exploding at any moment. Regardless of the fact that this would mean certain death to them,

Powley and Pooley jumped on board the vessel and succeeded in extricating Sub-Lieutenant Nash from

beneath the wreckage and carrying him to the jetty. As they were leaving the boat, the whole of the after

part burst into flames, and, in all probability, had they been delayed for another thirty seconds all three would

have perished. Deckhand Powley, who led the way on board the burning motor launch, had subsequently to

be sent to hospital suffering from the effect of fumes.

Deck Hand Herbert POWLEY, RN (not a Canadian) also was awarded the Albert Medal.

* * * * *

 

RIDGES, Robert Vigurs, Lieutenant

- Member - Order of the British Empire (Military) (MBE)

- RNCVR

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 20 April 1920 (no Canada Gazette).

Promoted to Lieutenant 01 August 1916.

 

* * * * *

 

ROSS, John Kenneth Levenson, Commander

- Mentioned in Despatches

- RNCVR / HMCS Grilse

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 April 1920 (no Canada Gazette).

Commander Ross was born in Lindsay, Ontario.

Served as a Captain in the 5th Royal Highlanders (Black Watch) of Canada prior to World War One.

He inherited $16 million from his father in 1913. When the war broke out, he gave the Canadian

Government $500,000 to buy a naval vessel for the defence of Canada. He then commanded the

vessel that they bought, HMCS Grilse. Between 1913 and 1928, he managed to spend the entire $16 million.

 

ROSS, John Kenneth Levenson, Commander

- Officer - Order of the British Empire (Military) (OBE)

- RNCVR / HMCS Grilse

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 April 1920 (no Canada Gazette).

 

MEDALS of Commander John Kenneth Levenson ROSS, OBE, RNCVR:

OBE (1st type - military)

1914-15 Star (named to Lieut. J.K.L. Ross, HMCS GRILSE)

British War Medal (named to Lieut. J.K.L. Ross, R.N.C.V.R.)

Victory Medal (named to Lieut. J.K.L. Ross, R.N.C.V.R.) with MID

 

* * * * *

 

STEPHENS, Richard Markham Tyringham, Commander

- Companion - Order of St. Michael and St. George (CMG)

- RN (on loan RCN)

- Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 26 June 1915 and London Gazette of 3 June 1915.

Commander Stephens was employed by the Canadian Department of Marine and Fisheries on loan from the Royal Navy.

In 1910, he, along with Admiral KINGSMILL (Director), Cdr. J.D.D. STEWART (Command of HMCS Rainbow)

and Fleet Paymaster P.J. LING (Secretary of the Naval Staff), transferred to the new Canadian Naval Service.

Lieutenant Stephens was the first Director of Gunnery (1910 - 1915). In 1915, he was the Chief of Staff,

Department of Naval Service. In 1919, he was appointed Assistant Director, Naval Service, Royal Canadian Navy.

His son Rear-Admiral R. Stephens also served in the RCN.

"Awarded for outstanding service as the Chief of Staff, Department of Naval Service."

 

* * * * *

 

TAGGART, David Mason, Captain

- Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

- Merchant Marine

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 22 February 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

In the mid 1800’s, three brothers, John (David’s father), David and Patrick arrived from County, Antrim, Northern Ireland.
David Mason Taggart was born in Minudie, Cumberland Co., Nova Scotia. He left the family farm at an early age and run away to sea.
He worked for the Grace Line out of New York. He married the daughter of a prominent Truro, Nova Scotia family (Grace Mingo)
but Grace died not long after they were married.
After the war he remarried into a wealthy family from Florida - the name was something like von Beaumgarten.
A newspaper story said that his will requested that he be buried along side "..his darling Grace...." .
He died of influenza in 1919.
Therefore, after his was struck down by the flu epidemic, his body was interned in the Mingo family plot in the Robie Street Cemetery in Truro, NS.
He was awarded the DSC for ramming and sinking a U-Boat. He was later torpedoed in the Gulf of Lions (Mediterranean).
His brother, James Gordon Taggart, was Federal Deputy Minister of Agriculture and was made a CBE for
services as Chairman of the Agriculture Board in WW2 (Canada Gazette 01 July 1946).

"The KING has been graciously pleased to approve of the award of Honours, Decorations and Medals

to the undermentioned Officers and men of the British Mercantile Marine in recognition of zeal and

devotion to duty shown in carrying on the trade of the country during the war:

-- To receive the Distinguished Service Cross - - - - - - - Captain David Mason Taggart.

MEDALS of Captain David Mason TAGGART, DSC, Merchant Marine:

DSC (GV) - - Mercantile Marine Medal 1914/1918 - - Victory Medal 1914/1918.

 

* * * * *

 

THICKE, Claude Stanley, Lieutenant

- Officer - Order of the British Empire (Military) (OBE)

- RNVR

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 10 July 1919 (no Canada Gazette).

"For valuable service in connection with anti-submarine warfare"

Lieutenant Claude Thicke won the OBE for his work with hydrophones. He commanded a small patrol boat

operating in the Irish Sea out of Milfordhaven. At that time, anti-submarine warfare was very crude.

The hydrophones supplied to small vessels were dangled from the boat to allow one to listen for submarines.

What one was supposed to do if you heard any engines is somewhat uncertain because it does not appear

that the hydrophones gave any bearing and certainly no distance. To listen, the boat had to stop engines

and throw overboard the hydrophones. An early example of this technique showed that the technical

expertise at that time was not very great. Several vessels threw the hydrophones overboard without

attaching a heaving line. When they came back in to file their reports, they were asked if they heard

anything. Their response was that they did not understand how they could hear anything when their

instructions were to throw the gear overboard. Lieutenant Thicke improved on this considerably.

 

* * * * *

WOODISON, Stanley, Wireman (M.15547) - Mention in Despatches - RN / HMS Q.5

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 March 1917.


Stanley Woodison was born on 22 August 1887, at Windsor, Ontario, Canada. An Electrician (Wireman) by trade,

he volunteered for the Royal Navy on 6 October 1915, for the duration of the hostilities, and served throughout the

war in 'Q' ships under Captain Gordon Campbell. In the space of less than two years he would witness the destruction

of three U-boats in actions which would be rewarded with no less than 5 V.C's, 7 D.S.O's, 13 D.S.C's, 7 C.G.M's,

45 D.S.M's, and numerous M.I.D's.


Woodison joined HMS Loderer (later HMS Farnborough and HMS Q.5) on 5 November 1915.

On 22 March 1916, HMS Farnbourough enjoyed her first success with the sinking of the U-68, bringing promotion to

Commander for Campbell and the first of his three D.S.O's. With her name changed to HMS Q.5, she next sank

the U-83 on 17 February 1917, but was herself badly damaged by torpedoes and had to be beached.

Campbell was awarded the Victoria Cross for this action, and many crew members received decorations or mentions,

including Woodison.


Commander Gordon Campbell's next ship was the HMS Pargust, which Woodison joined on 8 May 1917

and took part in the sinking of the UC.29 on 7 June 1917.

Woodison's service record is annotated: 'Noted for War Services: Action with Enemy Submarine 7 June 1917,' and also

'Participated in ballot for award of the Victoria Cross to one of the Ship's Company of HMS Pargust, June 1917."

Clearly, he was not the man chosen in the ballot, this honour going to Seaman William Williams, whilst the

officers voted Lieutenant R. N. Stuart, D.S.O., for the ultimate award. HMS Pargust had been badly damaged

in the action and repairs were going to take a long time to effect. Campbell therefore requested a new ship, which

he got in the name of HMS Dunraven. Woodison received his DSM for the action of HMS Dunraven with

the UC.71 on 8 August 1917. This is described in detail later on.

Mention in Despatches - RN / HMS Q.5- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 March 1917.

Action of H.M.S. Q.5 on 17 February 1917, when the U-83 was sunk.

Further description of this action:

With HMS Farnbourough’s name changed to HMS Q.5, she next sank the U-83 on 17 February 1917,

but was herself badly damaged by torpedoes and had to be beached.

Her Commanding Officer, Commander Gordon Campbell was awarded the Victoria Cross for this action,

and many crew members received decorations or mentions, including Woodison.

 

WOODISON, Stanley, Wireman (M.15547) - Distinguished Service Medal - RN / HMS Dunraven

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 2 November 1917.

'For services in action with enemy submarines.' Action of H.M.S. Dunraven on 8 August, 1917, against the UC-71.

In addition to Woodison’s DSM, the Victoria Cross was awarded to

Lieutenant C. G. Bonner and Petty Officer Ernest Pitcher.

Further description of this action:

The action of HMS Dunraven with the UC.71 on 8 August 1917, is one of the most famous Q-Ship actions of the war.

It was an heroic three-hour gun and torpedo action in which the HMS Dunraven was repeatedly hit by shells, refusing

to return fire until the submarine came into range. With the poop heavily on fire as the submarine slowly approached HMS

Dunraven, Campbell had to make an agonising decision not to evacuate the gun's crew, thereby exposing their intentions

to the enemy, in the full knowledge that the magazine would certainly explode. As the submarine passed HMS Dunraven's

stern, a matter of seconds before it would be in range of the guns, the inevitable happened. A terrific explosion occurred,

the stern of the ship was blown out and the 4-inch gun and crew complete were blown into the air. The gun's crew were

all wounded but luckily none were killed, although one man later succumbed to his wounds. The enemy was very wary and,

having scored a hit with a torpedo, broke off the action when a torpedo was fired at her by the HMS Dunraven.

Despite being taken in tow and valiant action by the crew to save their ship, HMS Dunraven sank at 0130 on

9 August 1917, the officers and crew being taken off by HMS Christopher. This was to be Captain Campbell's

last Q-Ship action. The Admiralty compulsorarily retired him to a Shore posting at Holyhead. As for his crew,

Campbell himself said of them 'Not a man failed, not a man could have done more. HMS Dunraven's action

brought numerous awards including Victoria Crosses for Lieutenant C. G. Bonner and Petty Officer Ernest Pitcher,

and the D.S.M. for Stanley Woodison.

WOODISON, Stanley, Wireman (M.15547) - Croix de Guerre 1914-1917 with Bronze Palm (France)

- RN / Q.5- Awarded as per London Gazette of 19 December 197.

Medals of Wireman Stanley WOODISON, DSM, RN:
Distinguished Service Medal, G.V.R. (M.15547. S. Woodison, Wiren. Atlantic Ocean. 8 Aug. 1917);
1914-15 Star (Ar. Cr. R.N.);
British War and Victory Medals, with Oak leaf M.I.D. emblem (Wmn.1 R.N.);
French Croix de Guerre 1914-17, with bronze palm.

Sold by a British Auction House, Dix Noonan Webb in June 1999 together with an original Canadian news

cutting with portrait and details of war service, nearly extremely fine (5) £1000-1200 and described as:


A superb "Dunraven" Q-Ship D.S.M. group of five awarded to Wireman Stanley Woodison, Royal Navy,

a Canadian who was three times decorated for gallantry, was in a ballot for the award of the Victoria Cross,

and took part in all of Captain Gordon Campbell's famous Q-Ship actions

* * * * *

\

AWARDED LETTERS of APPRECIATION

 

Letters of Appreciation

- RNCVR / HMCS Niobe

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 23 March 1918.

 

Awarded LETTERS of APPRECIATION were the six member of the steam-boat who along with

Mattison and Beard lost their lives:

AB C.C. WILSON, RNCVR

AB A. SAUNDERS, RNCVR

Stoker 2nd Class G.H. YATES, RNCVR

LS C.C. McMILLAN, RNCVR

AB F.P. Nickerson, RNCVR

Gunner Walter O'REILLY, RCN

 

"On the 6th December 1917, the French steamer 'Mont Blanc', with a cargo of high explosives,

and the Norwegian steamer 'Imo" were in collision in Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia. Fire broke

out on the 'Mount Blanc' immediately after the collision. The Commanding Officer of H.M.C.S. Niobe,

which was lying in the harbour, on perceiving what had happened, sent away a steam-boat to see what

could be done. Mr. Mattison and six men of the Royal Naval Canadian Volunteer Reserve volunteered

to form the crew of this boat, but just as the boat got alongside the 'Mont Blanc' the ship blew up,

and Mr. Mattison and the whole boat's crew lost their lives. The boat's crew were fully aware of the

desperate nature of the work they were engaged on, and by their gallantry and devotion to duty they

sacrificed their lives in the endeavour to save the lives of others."

 

* * * * *

 

AWARD to MEMBER of the ROYAL NAVAL RESERVE from NEWFOUNDLAND (WW1)

 

CRITCH, Walter George, Able Seaman

- Meritorious Service Medal (MSM)

- RNR

- Awarded as per Canada Gazette of 23 March 1918. From Newfoundland.

"For gallantry and devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosion at Halifax, Nova Scotia,

on the 6th December, 1917. At the time of the explosion two divers were down under the supervision

of Mr. Gammon; the diving party were scattered by the explosion, and there was no one to handle

the pump; Mr. Gammon was thrown down, but regaining his feet, manned the pump, and with the

assistance of Seaman Walter George Critch (RNR, from Newfoundland), kept the pump going until

the divers were released and placed in safety. Debris was falling in all directions during the whole time,

and four men are normally required to man a diving pump."

 

* * * * *

 

THE BRAVEST CANADIAN OF THEM ALL

Captain Frederick Thornon PETERS, VC, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN

Born: Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island

PETERS, Frederick Thornton, Lieutenant

- Mentioned in Despatches

- RN / HMS Meteor

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 3 March 1915.

Born in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island on 17 September 1889. His father was the first Liberal Premier

of Prince Edward Island. His mother was the daughter of one of the Fathers of Confederation, John Hamilton Grey.

The family moved to Victoria B.C. in 1898 where his father took a position with the Alaska Boundary commission.

They later moved to Prince Rupert, B.C. where he completed his schooling.

Joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in January 1905. "Fritz" Peters was 16 years old at this time.

In 1906 he went to sea as a midshipman and was commissioned as a Sub-Lieutenant in 1909.

He was awarded the Silver Messina Earthquake medal from the Italian government in recognition

of his service in leading shore rescue parties during the evacuation of the population in danger from

the erupting volcano, Mount Messina in 1908. He operated gunboats on "The China Station" prior to World War One.

He was in the Royal Navy on the outbreak of World War One and on 24th January, 1915,

he was serving at First Lieutenant in HMS 'Meteor'.

 

The following despatch from Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty, KCB MVO DSO, outlines the

battle of "Dogger Bank" on 24th January, 1915.

OFFICERS

Commander Charles A. FOUNTAIN, H.M.S. "Lion"

Lieutenant-Commander Evan C. BUNBURY, H.M.S. "Lion"

Lieutenant Frederick T. PETERS, H.M.S. "Meteor"

Lieutenant-Commander Charles Maxwell R. SCHWERDT, H.M.S."Lion" {<X>}

Engineer-Commander Donald P. GREEN, H.M. S. "Lion"

Engineer-Commander James L. SANDS, H.M.S. "Southampton"

Engineer-Commander Thomas H. TURNER, H.M.S. "New Zealand"

Engineer-Lieutenant-Commander George PREECE, H.M.S. "Lion"

Engineer-Lieutenant Albert KNOTHE, H.M.S. "Indomitable"

Surgeon Probationer James A. STIRLING, RNVR, H.M.S. "Meteor"

Mr. Joseph H. BURTON, Gunner (T), H.M.S. "Lion"

Chief Carpenter Frederick E. DAILEY, H.M.S. "Lion"

{<X>} = {served as ADC to GG of Canada (May 1943); CBE (LG 01/01/43); also received CVO}

PETTY OFFICERS AND MEN

31 names ranging from Boy, 1st Class to Chief Engine-Room Artificer, 1st Class

4 of whom were from the "Meteor"

 

 

PETERS, Frederick Thornton, Lieutenant

- Distinguished Service Order (DSO)

 

- RN / HMS Meteor

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 3 March 1915 (no Canada Gazette).

Lieutenant Peters was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) for his services on

24th January, 1915, while serving as First Lieutenant in HMS Meteor. His ship, HMS Meteor,

tried to launch torpedoes against the 'Blucher'. 'Blucher' was able to hit HMS Meteor with

an 8.2 inch shell, seriously damaging HMS Meteor.

The KING has been graciously pleased to give orders for the following appointment to the

Distinguished Service Order to the undermentioned Officer in recognition of their services

mentioned in the foregoing despatch:

-- To be Companion of the Distinguished Service Order: Lieutenant Frederick Thornton PETERS, Royal Navy.

The following despatch from Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty, KCB MVO DSO, outlines the battle of "Dogger Bank"

on 24th January, 1915.

DESPATCH from Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty, KCB MVO DSO, commanding the First Battle Cruiser Squadron,

reporting the action in the North Sea on Sunday, the 24th of January 1915.

Sir, I have the honour to report that at daybreak on 24th January, 1915, the following vessels were patrolling in company.

The Battle Cruisers "Lion", Captain Alfred E.M. Chatfield, CVO, flying my flag; "Princess Royal," Captain Osmond de B. Brock,Aide-de-Camp (made a CB for his actions); "Tiger", Captain Henry B. Pelly, MVO; "New Zealand", Captain Lionel Halsey, CMG, Aide-de-Camp, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral Sir Archibald Moore, KCB, CVO; and "Indomitable", Captain Francis W. Kennedy.

The Light Cruisers "Southampton", flying the broad pendant of Commodore William E. Goodenough, MVO;

"Nottingham", Captain Charles B. Miller;

"Birmingham" Captain Arthur A.M. Duff;

and "Lowestoft", Captain Theobald W.B. Kennedy, were disposed on my port beam.

Commodore (T) Reginald Y. Tyrwhitt, CB, in "Arethusa"; "Aurora", Captain Wilmot S. Nicholson; "Undaunted",

Captain Francis G. St. John, MVO. "Arethusa" and the Destroyer Flotillas were ahead.

At 7.25 a.m. the flash of guns was observed S.S.E. Shortly afterwards a report reached me from "Aurora" that she

was engaged with enemy's ships. I immediately altered course to S.S.E., increased to 22 knots, and ordered the

Light Cruisers and Flotillas to chase S.S.E. to get in touch and report movements of enemy.

This order was acted upon with great promptitude, indeed my wishes had already been forestalled by the

respective Senior Officers, and reports almost immediately followed from "Southampton", "Arethusa",

and "Aurora" as to the position and composition of the enemy, which consisted of 3 Battle Cruisers and

"Blucher", 6 Light Cruisers, and a number of Destroyers, steering N.W. The enemy had altered course

to S.E. From now onwards the Light Cruisers maintained touch with the enemy, and kept me fully informed

as to their movements.

The Battle Cruisers worked up to full speed, steering to the southward. The wind at the time was N.E. light,

with extreme visibility. At 7.30 a.m. the enemy were sighted on the port bow steaming fast, steering

approximately S.E. distant 14 miles.

Owing to the prompt reports received we had attained our position on the quarter of the enemy, and

so altered course to S.E. parallel to them, and settled down to a long stern chase, gradually increasing

our speed until we reached 28.5 knots. Great credit is due to the Engineer Staffs of "New Zealand"

and "Indomitable" -- these ships greatly exceeded their normal speed.

At 8.52 a.m., as we had closed to within 20,000 yards of the rear ship, the Battle Cruisers manoeuvred

to keep on a line of bearing so that guns would bear, and "Lion" fired a single shot, which fell short.

The enemy at this time were in single line ahead, with Light Cruisers ahead and a large number of

Destroyers on their starboard beam.

Single shots were fired at intervals to test the range, and at 9.19 a.m. "Lion" made her first hit on the "Blucher",

No. 4 in the line. The "Tiger" opened fire at 9.20 a.m. on the rear ship, the "Lion" shifted to No. 3 in the line,

at 18,000 yards, this ship being hit by several salvoes. The enemy returned our fire at 9.14 a.m. "Princess Royal",

on coming into range, opened fire on "Blucher", the range of the leading ship being 17,500 yards, at 9.35 a.m

. "New Zealand" was within range of "Blucher", which had dropped somewhat astern, and opened fire on her.

"Princess Royal" shifted to the third ship in the line, inflicting considerable damage on her.

Our flotilla cruisers and destroyers had gradually dropped from a position broad on our beam to our port

quarter, so as not to foul our range with their smoke; but the enemy's destroyers threatening attack, the

"Meteor" and "M" Division passed ahead of us, Captain the Hon. H. Meade, DSO, handling this division with conspicuous ability.

About 9.45 a.m. the situation was follows: -- "Blucher", the fourth in their line already showed signs of

having suffered severely from gun-fire; their leading ship and No. 3 were also on fire. "Lion" was

engaging No.1, "Princess Royal" No. 3, "New Zealand" No. 4, while the "Tiger", who was second

in our line, fired first at their NO. 1, and when interfered with by smoke, at their No. 4.

The enemy's destroyers emitted vast columns of smoke to screen their battle cruisers, and under cover

of this the latter now appeared to have altered course to the northward to increased their distance, and

certainly the rear ships hauled out on the port quarter of their leader, thereby increasing their distance

from our line. The battle cruisers, therefore, were ordered to form a line bearing N.N.W., and proceed

at their utmost speed.

Their destroyers then showed evident signs of an attempt to attach. "Lion" and "Tiger" opened fire on

them, and caused them to retire and resume their original course.

The Light Cruisers maintained an excellent position on the port quarter of the enemy's line, enabling them

to observe and keep touch, or attach any vessel that might fall out of the line. At 10.48 a.m. the "Blucher",

which had dropped considerably astern of enemy's line, hauled out to port, steering north with a heavy list,

on fire, and apparently in a defeated condition. I consequently ordered "Indomitable" to attack enemy breaking

northward. At 10.54 a.m. submarines were reported on the starboard bow, and I personally observed the

wash of a periscope, two points on our starboard bow. I immediately turned to port. At 11.13 a.m. an injury

to the "Lion" being reported as incapable of immediate repair, I directed "Lion" to shape course N.W.

At 11.20 a.m. I called the "Attack" alongside, shifting my flag to her at about 11.34 a.m..

I proceeded at utmost speed to rejoin the Squadron, and met them at noon retiring N.N.W.

I boarded and hoisted my flag in "Princess Royal" at about 12/20 p.m., when Captain Brock acquainted me

of what had occurred since the "Lion" fell ut of the line, namely that "Blucher" had been sunk and that the enemy

Battle Cruisers had continued their course to the eastward in a considerably damaged condition. He also informed

me that a Zeppelin and a seaplane had endeavoured to drop bombs on the vessels which went to the rescue

of the survivors of "Blucher".

The good seamanship of Lieut. Commander Cyril Callaghan, H.M.S. "Attack", in placing his vessel alongside

the "Lion" and subsequently the "Princess Royal", enabled the transfer of flag to be made in the shortest possible time.

At 1 p.m. I closed "Lion" and received a report that her starboard engine was giving trouble owing to priming,

and at 3.38 p.m. I ordered "Indomitable" to take her in tow, which was accomplished by 5 p.m.

The greatest credit is due to the Captains of "Indomitable" and "Lion" for the seamanlike manner in which

the "Lion" was taken in tow under difficult circumstances. The excellent steaming of the ships engaged in the

operation was a conspicuous feature.

I attach an appendix giving the names of various officers and men who specially distinguished themselves.

Where all did well it is difficult to single out Officers and Men for special mention, and as "Lion" and "Tiger"

were the only ships hit by the enemy, the majority of these I mention belong to those ships.

I have the honour to be, Sir, Your obedient servant DAVID BEATTY, Vice-Admiral

 

Lieutenant Peters continued to serve in the Royal Navy for the remainder of WW1 and in 1918 received

the Distinguished Service Cross. Details on the award of the DSC are not clear but Peters had spent much

of his WW1 career in small boats and so from the entry in the London Gazette, it is likely that he was serving

in the Torpedo Boat Flotilla.

 

 

PETERS, Frederick Thornton, Lieutenant, DSO

- Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

- RN / HMS Meteor

- Awarded as per London Gazette of 8 March 1918 (no Canada Gazette).

The London Gazette Entry is as follows: The KING has been graciously pleased to award the following

honours, decorations and medals to Officers, and Men for services in Destroyer and Torpedo Boat Flotillas

during the period ending 31 December 1917: -- To receive the Distinguished Service Cross:

Lieut. Frederick Thornton PETERS, DSO, RN.

 

By the end of the war, Lieutenant Peters had twelve years service in the Royal Navy, had been awarded

the DSO, DSC and Mentions-in-Despatches. He received the 1914 Star, the British War Medal and the

Victory Medal to go along with his Mesopotamia Medal. Even for the great war, two naval awards set

him apart from the large number of Officers and Men who served in the Royal Navy.

Peters left the Royal Navy with the rank of LCdr in 1919 and spent much of his time as a Merchant Seaman.

For a period of time, he worked off the Gold Coast of Africa. When WW2 started, he volunteered his services

and was back in the Navy.

At the beginning of the Second World War, he was promoted to Commander and given command of a flotilla

of small boats operating against German submarines. The flotilla sank two German Submarines and in 1940,

he was awarded the bar to his Distinguished Service Cross.

Supplement to the LONDON GAZETTE 11 July 1940, page 4257.

"The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the following award for good services in the Royal Navy

since the outbreak of War: -- Bar to the Distinguished Service Cross:

Commander Frederick Thornton PETERS, DSO, DSC, HMS "Thirlmere".

But the best was yet to come for this dashing Canadian. He was promoted to Captain and appointed to act

as an instructor at a 'Spy School'. There he taught two infamous British spies, Kim Philby and Guy Burgess.

However, Peters was not cut out for the dull life of a 'Spy School' and threatened to resign his commission if

not given sea duty. He was thus sent to Gibraltar to plan the attack on the harbour at Oran which was protected

by the Vichy French.

The Task Force Commander, Admiral Cunningham, had determined that the boom defences in the harbour

of Oran, Morocco had to be destroyed. Peters planned the assault but the plans were known by the French

defending Oran and the operation called off. After, a brief period, the operation was determined necessary.

'Fritz' Peters decided since it was a suicide charge, he would take command of the two ex-American coast

guard cutters HMS 'Walney' and HMS 'Hartland' personally and lead the charge. The ships had three main

tasks to perform. The first was to break the boom defences. The second was to land 17 officers and 376 enlisted

men from the US Army Rangers 6th Armoured Corps and to take the seize the shore installations, immobilize

the French warships (14 in total ranging from a submarine to a heavily armed cruiser). The third task was to

launch motorized mines from six canoes that would be put overboard once the ships were in the harbour.

To fully appreciate what happened in this naval action, you must read both the citations for the two decorations

he was awarded that day: The American Army Distinguished Service Cross and the highest gallantry award,

the Victoria Cross. The American DSC was gazetted in the London Gazette on 19 January 1943 and the citation reads:

"While in command of the ship carrying Landing Forces of the United States Army into the harbour of Oran,

Morocco, in the early morning of 8 November 1942, Captain Peters distinguished himself by extraordinary

heroism against an armed enemy during the attack on that port. He remained on the bridge in command of his

ship in spite of the fact that the protective armour thereon had been blown in by enemy shellfire and was thereby

exposed personally to the withering cross-fire from shore defences. He accomplished the berthing of his ship,

then went to the forward deck and assisted by one officer, secured the forward mooring lines. He then, with utter

disregard of his own personal safety went to the quarter-deck and assisted in securing the aft mooring lines so that

the troops on board could disembark. At that time, the engine room was in flames and very shortly thereafter

exploded and the ship turned on its side and sank."

The citation for the Victoria Cross published in the London Gazette 18 May 1943 was made to sound very

bland so that the French would not be offended. The citation is as follows: "Captain Peters was in the

'suicide charge' by two little cutters at Oran. "Walney' and 'Hartland' were two ex-American coast guard cutters

which were lost in a gallant attempt to force the boom defences in the harbour of Oran during the landings on

the North African coast. Captain Peters led his force through the boom in the face of pointblank fire from shore

batteries, a destroyer and cruiser - a feat which was described as one of the great episodes of naval history.

The Walney reached the jetty disabled and ablaze, and went down with her colours flying. Blinded in one eye,

Captain Peters was the only survivor of the seventeen men on the bridge of the 'Walney'. He was taken prisoner

but was later released when Oran was captured. On being liberated from gaol, he was carried through the

streets where the citizens hailed him with flowers."

Winston Churchill described the action as the greatest naval battle since Trafalgar. The first objective of breaking

the boom defences was achieved in the full frontal attack on a heavily armed port and allowed a floating

dockyard to be brought into the harbour for the 'Torch' Operation landings. The second objective of landing

US Rangers and a few Royal Navy Commandos was a failure as 9 officers and 180 men were killed and

5 officers and 152 enlisted men wounded. Only 3 officers and 44 men from the other units aboard the two

vessels survived. The motorized mines did not work. The 'Hartland' was not able to launch the canoes

as they were crushed when placed overboard. Only one of the canoes was successfully launched from

the 'Walney' and it slipped into port unnoticed. Unfortunately, the motorized mines did not work and this

part of the operation was a total failure.

To complete the story of this gallant attack, the following is taken from Jack McIntyre's story of the

attack, code named "Operation Reservist": "In the early morning hours of 8 November 1942, Peters

small ship was being pounded by devastating shellfire at point blank range from shore batteries and

from French warships anchored in Oran Harbour. As Walney proceeded down the harbour, a destroyer

decided to break out. Peters promptly ordered an attempt at ramming the Frenchman. Walney missed.

The destroyer responded by raking Walney with broadsides at a few yards range. The little vessel lurched

but continued to limp down the harbour. The toll in death and destruction was mounting. Walney's position

was hopeless and Peters knew it.

Soon she came under fire from a French cruiser berthed alongside the jetty at the far end of the harbour.

Walney took a direct hit in the engine room. The bridge exploded in flame from another, blowing Peters

off the bridge, the only survivor of eighteen officers and men, wounded in the shoulder and blinded in one eye.

The devastation above and below decks was indescribable. Many of the troops had come above decks

to lob grenades and spray small arms fire at the enemy ships close by. The wounded were taken to the

wardroom. It took a direct hit, the shell exploding in the cramped space, killing everyone there. By now

ammunition stores were exploding, as well as depth charges stored below decks. Still Peters drove on

undeterred, taking his crippled ship into the jetty and the French cruiser berthed alongside. Walney's

situation was hopeless, the objective reached but the ship dying.

By now it was a matter of trying to get any troops off who still survived. Some jumped from the harbour

to come under machine gun fire from French gunners. Peters went forward from the bridge to help put

mooring lines ashore. Then he went aft to do the same thing there. He ordered the ship to be abandoned

and jumped into the water and swam ashore. Walney turned on her side and sank in shallow water, the

side of her hull showing above the shallows. Her day was finally done. She went down with American

and British ensigns still flying.

Peters and the other survivors were taken prisoner by the French authorities and given medical treatment.

They were liberated days later when allied soldiers, who landed up and down the coast, took Oran from the land

Peters, it was said, was treated as a hero by the French civilian population and borne through the streets of the

town on the shoulders of a crowd of people in a strange sort of victory parade."

Peters was taken to Gibraltar for further medical treatment and to be flown back to England. It was flying

that was to be his undoing something the seas had not been able to achieve. On Friday the thirteenth

of November, 1942, Peters with four other naval officers left Gibraltar in a Sunderland Flying Boat

of the Royal Australian Air Force. The weather was very good at the start of the flight but worsened

as the aircraft approached England. Due to the heavy fog, the plane flew lower and lower and finally

crashed into the sea near the Plymouth breakwater. The plane flipped over but all occupants escaped.

Flying Officer Whyn Thorpe, captain of the aircraft, spotted a body in the water kept afloat by a lifejacket.

The two of them were in the water for 90 minutes before being picked up by a search boat.

The accident and the cold water were too much for the brave Canadian and he died that night.

"Who was the bravest" Canadian of them all? Frederick Thornton Peters had four naval awards spread

over 27 years, two wars and culminating in a suicide charge. Peters was 53 years old and was not to have

been the commander of the force; he was to be the planner. But when the attack was cancelled and then

put back on, he knew it would be a suicide charge and elected to go with his ships. He knowingly went into

danger. I submit after seeing all the information on this man, that he was the Bravest Canadian of them all.

MEDALS of Captain Frederick Thornton PETERS, VC, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN:

VC - DSO (George V) - DSC (George V) and bar (George VI) - 1914 Star - British War Medal

- Victory Medal with MID - 1939/45 Star - Atlantic Star - Africa Star - Defence Medal

- 1939/45 War Medal - Italy's Silver Messina Earthquake Medal (1908) - DSC (USA Army).

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